As stated by the Foreign Affairs Council of 9 December 2019 and the conclusions of the European Council of 12 and 13 December 2019, this agreement constitutes a threat to stability in the region, not only violates the sovereign rights of third states and violates the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea; Turkish Rear Admiral Cihat Yaycı was one of the first to stress the importance of an EEZ agreement between Libya and Turkey. In his article, he highlighted here Libya`s central role in efforts to limit maritime jurisdictions in the Eastern Mediterranean. However, the agreement has been referred to as a “memorandum of understanding,” which is an agreement between two or more parties, outlined in a formal document that is only legally binding if it is accepted by both parliaments, including both Turkey and Libya have announced their ratification. Sarraj`s authority is therefore not at issue. In accordance with UN procedures, Member Countries inform the Organization that agreements have been signed. Registration at the United Nations does not mean that the international body has to approve an agreement, in this case the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan Government of National Unity. There is no authorisation mechanism in this context. In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement declaring an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries and said, within the European Union, that the agreement provides for a partial delimitation of the maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations. [19] Parliaments in both countries ratified the agreement quickly, and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Gazette.

[20] Turkey rejected the Greece-Egypt deal as “null and void,” adding that Greece and Egypt have no reciprocal maritime border. [21] However, if the maritime distance between the two countries is less than 424 miles, the exclusive economic zones are defined by bilateral agreements between the two coastal states. According to Ibrahim Kalın, spokesman for the president of the Turkish presidency, Sarraj`s decision to resign will not affect the country`s cooperation and agreements with Turkey. “These agreements will not be affected by this political process, as they are decisions made by governments, not individuals,” Kalın said. Last year, Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) secured a memorandum of understanding on the delimitation of their maritime borders. The agreement, which would allow them to use large areas of the Mediterranean and potential energy resources, has been denounced by Greece, Cyprus and other countries. “Any international treaty and arrangement concluded by a Member of the United Nations after the entry into force of the present Charter shall be registered as soon as possible with and published by the Secretariat,” Article 102 reads. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. .

Share this...
Share on Facebook0Share on Google+0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn0Email this to someone